Fixed income like #Bonds, #NCDs remains least talked about subject, amongst the indian individual investors. Investors can invest in the primary market and stay put till maturity, as well as trade like equity/ shares. Infact, news reports indicates, bonds have yielded higher return compare to #Nifty or sensex in last one year. There are two types of bonds traded in the debt market, Government securities (G-sec) and corporate bonds (Tax free bonds, NCD etc). G-Sec are considered to be the safest option with maturity ranging from 91 days (ultra short term) to 30 years (long term).
Corporate bonds are issued by banks, NBFC and corporates involve higher risks compared to G-secs, however they offer higher return comparatively.
When we talk about debt instruments (bonds, NCDs, CDs etc.) we come across terms like coupon rate, annual yield, yield to maturity etc. Let’s understand what is yield and how it is related to coupon rate and bond prices. Yield is annual return on the investment indicating in percentage term.